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ICAI - The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India - regulates the profession of Chartered Accountants in India.

Did you know?
In India there is 1.33 CA for every 10,000 of the population (approx).

For taking CPT you have to first register with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India.

Fact of the matter:
35.4% of the test takers for CPT December 2009, passed it.


CPT (Common Proficiency Test)

Common Proficiency Test (CPT) is an entry level test for the CA course. It is a test of four subjects— Fundamentals of Accounting, Mercantile Laws, General Economics and Quantitative Aptitude. This test is of 200 marks. This test is divided into two sessions of two hours each with a break in between. CPT is an objective type test with negative marking.

Test Pattern and Subjects

SESSION I (Two sections, two hours, 100 marks)
Section A: Fundamentals of Accounting (60 marks)
Section B: Mercantile Laws (40 marks)

SESSION II (Two sections, two hours, 100 marks)
Section C: General Economics (50 marks)
Section D: Quantitative Aptitude (50 marks)


The registration and tuition fee for Common Proficiency Test is Rupees 6,000/-* payable to Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).

The registration for CPT Course will be valid for a period of 3 years from the date the student becomes eligible to appear in CPT exam for the first time or for the period so long the student continues to appear in the examination regularly whichever is later. For other details related to registration, lapsation, re-registration and switch over from PE-I to CPT,
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(One paper – Four hours – 200 Marks)
Level of Knowledge: Basic knowledge

(Two Sections– Two hours – 100 Marks)
Section A: Fundamentals of Accounting (60 Marks)

To develop conceptual understanding of the fundamentals of financial accounting system.

  1. Theoretical Framework
    1. Meaning and Scope of accounting
    2. Accounting Concepts, Principles and Conventions
    3. Accounting Standards – concepts, objectives, benefits
    4. Accounting Policies
    5. Accounting as a measurement discipline – valuation principles, accounting estimates

  2. Accounting Process
  3. Books of Accounts leading to the preparation of Trial Balance, Capital and revenue expenditures, Capital and revenue receipts, Contingent assets and contingent liabilities, Fundamental errors including rectifications thereof.

  4. Bank Reconciliation Statement

  5. Inventories
  6. Basis of inventory valuation and record keeping.

  7. Depreciation accounting
  8. Methods, computation and accounting treatment of depreciation, Change in depreciation methods.

  9. Preparation of Final Accounts for Sole Proprietors

  10. Accounting for Special Transactions
    1. Consignments
    2. Joint Ventures
    3. Bills of exchange and promissory notes
    4. Sale of goods on approval or return basis.

  11. Partnership Accounts
  12. Final accounts of partnership firms – Basic concepts of admission, retirement and death of a partner including treatment of goodwill.

  13. Introduction to Company Accounts
  14. Issue of shares and debentures, forfeiture of shares, re-issue of forfeited shares, redemption of preference shares.

Section B: Mercantile Laws (40 Marks)


To test the general comprehension of elements of mercantile law

  1. The Indian Contract Act , 1872: An overview of Sections 1 to 75 covering the general nature of contract , consideration , other essential elements of a valid contract , performance of contract and breach of contract.
  2. The Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Formation of the contract of sale – Conditions and Warranties – Transfer of ownership and delivery of goods – Unpaid seller and his rights.
  3. The India Partnership Act, 1932: General Nature of Partnership – Rights and duties of partners – Registration and dissolution of a firm.

(Two Sections– Two hours – 100 Marks)
Section C: General Economics (50 Marks)

To ensure basic understanding of economic systems, economic behaviour of individuals and organizations.

  1. Introduction to Micro Economics
    1. Definition, scope and nature of Economics
    2. Methods of economic study
    3. Central problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve.

  2. Theory of Demand and Supply
    1. Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand ─ Price, income and cross elasticity
    2. Theory of consumer’s behaviour – Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
    3. Meaning and determinants of supply, Law of supply and Elasticity of supply.

  3. Theory of Production and Cost
    1. Meaning and Factors of production
    2. Laws of Production – The Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale
    3. Concepts of Costs ─ Short-run and long-run costs, Average and marginal costs, Total, fixed and variable costs.

  4. Price Determination in Different Markets
    1. Various forms of markets – Perfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
    2. Price determination in these markets.

  5. Indian Economy – A Profile
    1. Nature of the Indian Economy
    2. Role of different sectors – Agriculture, Industry and Services in the development of the Indian economy, their problems and growth
    3. National Income of India – Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income, Growth of national income and per capita income in various plans.
    4. Basic understanding of tax system of India – Direct and Indirect Taxation

  6. Select Aspects of Indian Economy
    1. Population – Its size, rate of growth and its implication for growth
    2. Poverty – Absolute and relative poverty and main programs for poverty alleviation
    3. Unemployment – Types, causes and incidence of unemployment
    4. Infrastructure ─ Energy, Transportation, Communication, Health and Education
    5. Inflation
    6. Budget and Fiscal deficits
    7. Balance of payments
    8. External debts

  7. Economic Reforms in India
    1. Features of economic reforms since 1991
    2. Liberalisation, Privatisation and Disinvestment
    3. Globalisation.

  8. Money and Banking
    1. Money – Meaning and functions
    2. Commercial Banks – Role and functions
    3. Reserve Bank of India – Role and functions, monetary policy.

Section D: Quantitative Aptitude (50 Marks)


To test the grasp of elementary concepts in Mathematics and Statistics and application of the same as useful quantitative tools.

  1. Ratio and proportion, Indices, Logarithms
  2. Equations
    Linear – simultaneous linear equations up to three variables, quadratic and cubic equations in one variable, equations of a straight line, intersection of straight lines, graphical solution to linear equations.
  3. Inequalities
    Graphs of inequalities in two variables ─ common region.
  4. Simple and Compound Interest including annuity ─ Applications
  5. Basic concepts of Permutations and Combinations
  6. Sequence and Series – Arithmetic and geometric progressions
  7. Sets, Functions and Relations
  8. Limits and Continuity ─ Intuitive Approach
  9. Basic concepts of Differential and Integral Calculus (excluding trigonometric functions)
  10. Statistical description of data
    1. Textual, Tabular & Diagrammatic representation of data.
    2. Frequency Distribution.
    3. Graphical representation of frequency distribution – Histogram, Frequency Polygon, Ogive
  11. Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion
    Arithmetic Mean, Median – Partition Values, Mode, Geometric Mean and Harmonic, Mean, Standard deviation, Quartile deviation
  12. Correlation and Regression
  13. Probability and Expected Value by Mathematical Expectation
  14. Theoretical Distributions
    Binomial, Poisson and Normal.
  15. Sampling Theory
    Basic Principles of sampling theory, Comparison between sample survey and complete enumeration, Errors in sample survey, Some important terms associated with sampling, Types of sampling, Theory of estimation, Determination of sample size.
  16. Index Numbers

Preparatory sessions for CPT

Subject No of Classroom sessions Revision Sessions CPT Test Series
Fundamental Of Accounts 75 20 Yes
Mercantile Law 47 10 Yes
General Economics 44 10 Yes
Quantitative Aptitude 80 20 Yes
Study Material

Packet - 1
Fundamentals of Accounting - 1
General Economics- 1
Mercantile Law- 1
Quantitative Aptitude - 1
Packet - 2
Fundamentals of Accounting - 2
General Economics - 2
Mercantile Law - 2
Quantitative Aptitude - 2
Packet - 3
Mock CPT Tests - 1 to 10
Answer Keys - 1 to 10

Additional material:

Booklets for tests as well as classroom exercises would also be available with the material itself. The material for the revision sessions will also be provided separately.

The dates for the tests would be communicated once the dates for CPT have been declared.

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CA CPT Dec 2011 Analysis