Follow this article till the end, to go through the detailed class 10 maths syllabus, exam pattern, NCERT solutions for class 10 maths, preparation tips, the importance of building a strong foundation, and much more. With complete awareness, begin your customized Class 10 maths online tuition journey with us!

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Class 10 Maths Overview

In this section, we have provided a brief overview of Class 10 maths. Moreover, students can even access the official website of NCERT from the table below.

Name of the Exam

Class 10 Maths

Exam Level


Marks distribution

Theory (80) + Assignment (20)

Official Website of NCERT

Curriculum and schedules followed by CBSE, ICSE, or any other boards might be a bit different from each other, but every board or school follows the same NCERT syllabus for class 10.

Class 10 Maths Syllabus

In the Class 10 maths syllabus, there are 15 chapters divided in 7 units. We have mentioned the approximate weightage of each unit in the below table. In maths it is very important to understand the concept clearly as there will be applications in the board exams. The preparations can start with class 10 maths NCERT questions and can use NCERT Solutions if get stuck and again revisit the concepts of Class 10 maths.

Check the Unit-wise class 10 maths syllabus in the table below:




Number System

Chapter 1: Real Numbers



Chapter 2: Polynomials


Chapter 3: Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations

Chapter 5: Arithmetic Progressions

Coordinate Geometry

Chapter 7:Coordinate Geometry



Chapter 6:Triangles


Chapter 10: Circles

Chapter 11: Constructions


Chapter 8: Introduction to trigonometry


Chapter 9: Applications of Trigonometry


Chapter 12: Areas related to Circles


Chapter 13: Surface Areas and Volumes

Statistics and Probability

Chapter 14: Statistics


Class 10 Maths Exam Pattern

The exam pattern for class 10 maths is the detailed marks distribution for the class 10 maths exam. The class 10 maths exam pattern is broadly divided into two segments:

Internal Assessment


20 Marks

Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5)

10 Marks


5 Marks

Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books)

5 Marks

Theory (Term I & II)

Sr No

Typology of Questions Total


% Weightage (approx)


Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.



Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas


Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.




Analysing : Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations



Creating: Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions

Evaluating: Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.




Exam Pattern based on type of Questions:



Competency Focused Questions in the form of MCQs/Case Based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions or any other type


Select response type questions(MCQ)


Constructed response questions (Short Answer/Long Answer type Questions, as per existing Pattern)


*the question pattern might vary from Board to Board or school to school.

NCERT solutions for class 10 maths

NCERT exercises are the next thing to do after the concepts and examples in the book. It will help students know their concept clarity and application ability. As we all know practice is the key for a subject like maths, so these questions will also help students practice their understanding making it more clear. Also, students can definitely use NCERT solutions if they get stuck and cannot solve some questions.

Check and download the detailed chapter-wise NCERT solutions for class 10 maths in the table below.


Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions

Class 10 Maths Chapter 1: Real Numbers

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 2: Polynomials

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 3: Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 4: Quadratic Equations

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 5: Arithmatic Progressions

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 7:Coordinate Geometry

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 6:Triangles

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 10: Circles

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 11: Constructions

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 8: Introduction to trigonometry

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 9: Applications of Trigonometry

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 12: Areas related to Circles

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 13: Surface Areas and Volumes

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 14: Statistics

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Chapter 15: Probability

Download Here

Class 10 Maths Preparation Tips

This is the first time students are appearing for boards and its very important to prepare well. In a subject like maths it is possible to score a lot once concepts of class 10 maths are clear and it can make a huge impact on the overall performance of class 10. There are few new topics and a branch of maths that are introduced for the first time in class 10 maths like trigonometry. So understanding those concepts are very important. You can score well in class 10 maths by following preparation tips suggested by subject experts:

  • It is important to sort the easy and challenging topics according to student and know which topics are important which can be done using the class 10 maths syllabus. So the first thing to do is see and understand the syllabus thoroughly.
  • Preparing and following the timetable according to your needs, strengths and weaknesses, is the next important thing to do. (Enrolling in a customized tuition program can help you with this to remain consistent and disciplined towards your studies with their rigorous plan)
  • At all costs, students must follow the NCERT test book for class 10 maths to prepare and practice. In case any help is required, you can always take help from the NCERT solution.
  • Students can also practice by solving the class 10 maths sample paper and chapter-wise essential questions. This helps students to understand the exam pattern better.
  • Also, it is very important to take care of your mental and physical health. Take short breaks, eat healthy food, take proper sleep and don’t exhaust yourself in the preparation. Also keep time for your hobbies and entertainment in your timetable. If you are facing any problems please connect with your mentors, friends and family, it is absolutely okay.

Enroll in a customized tuition program to get all the support and help that you might require to prepare for class 10 maths. Moreover, tuition programs offer various modern-age facilities like Progress maps, worksheets, performance analysis, AI tools, and many more to enable you to effectively learn and compete with others.

Class 10 Maths Sample Paper & Notes

As practice is the key for a subject like maths and that too for class 10, once you are done solving the NCERT examples and Excercise questions of class 10 maths, you should solve and go through some important questions and sample papers for class 10 maths. These will help you know your preparedness for the topic. You should also solve chapterwise important questions of class 10 maths which will help you master the concept.

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FAQs on Class 10 Maths

Class 10 Maths can be prepared by following the steps mentioned below -

  • Complete the whole NCERT textbook with the exercise questions
  • Solve important questions and revise the difficult topics multiple times
  • Practice constructions along with steps of constructions.
  • Align your preparation with a curated coaching program
  • Give multiple mocks on board patterns to get used to it.

While concept wise all the chapters are equally important, if we talk about scoring well in boards, we must see the weightage of units and also see how to score more marks by spending less time. Constructions should be practiced along with writing the steps of constructions. Also the topics you find easy should be practiced so you can score well in those topics.

Class 10 is the first time students are appearing for boards. Firstly they need to practice sitting continuously for a long time and concentrating and increasing their attention span. For that they need to give multiple mocks and that too on the same time as the exam which will help them be ready for the actual exam. They also need to practice answer writing skills with good handwriting and also increase their writing speed. These are a few ways, apart from learning the concepts and practicing them, that a student needs to do to score good marks in boards.

There are 15 chapters divided into 7 units in class 10 Maths (NCERT Syllabus). All the units have different weightages marks wise but all are equally important concept wise.

To prepare for any subject it is important to have the right resources at your disposal. Explore and download NCERT solutions for class 10 Maths and many other free resources from the Class 10 Freezone of Career Launcher.