Leadership is a part of the management section which is a relatively easy section of the RBI grade B phase 2 examination. However, this view may differ from person to person. Make sure you know your strengths and weakness and manage time to study topics accordingly. Work hard on your weak topics to convert them into strengths and at the same time keep polishing your strong topics.
Leadership is an art rather than a science. It is a set of innate traits, refined and perfected over time with education, training and experience. A leader is born, developed, skilled in communications, and cultivated through life experiences.
Different styles are needed for different situations and each leader needs to know when to exhibit a particular approach. Leadership styles are briefly explained below:
Authoritarian Style - It is also known as autocratic style and is the classical approach which involves retention of full authority by the leader. Advantage is that tasks are efficiently completed as there is no two-way communication. The staff is expected to obey orders without receiving any explanations. This approach may lead to low employee morale and workers losing initiative.
Laissez-Faire Style - It is also known as the free-rein style. This style provides little or no direction and gives as much freedom as possible. All authority and power is given to the staff. The staff determines goals, makes decisions and resolves problems on their own.
Democratic Style - It is also known as the participative style. This approach encourages staff to be a part of the decision making and keeps the staff informed about everything that affects their work. Decision making and problem-solving responsibilities are shared in this style.
Transactional Leadership - It is also known as managerial leadership, focuses on the role of supervision, organization and group performance. It follows the “by the book” approach wherein the leader works within the rules. It allows the principle of reward and punishment in which an act that is good will merit a reward while the opposite can result to a disciplinary action. It is based on the idea that managers give employees something they want in exchange for getting something they want.
You should know the attributes, advantages and cons of each leadership style. Apart from this you need to cover topics like Nature of leadership, Differentiation and similarities between a manager and a leader, Qualities of a leader.
Be positive and dedicate 4-5 hours of daily practise. It is not necessary to study continuously. Follow your own pattern which makes you feel comfortable. Prepare a list of topics which you need to cover in a day and complete the entire portion accordingly.