Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues in India | RBI Grade-B Main

Achieving economic development is crucial for any country. But is it worth it if it comes at the cost of environmental degradation? We were made aware of the ill-effects of environmental degradation in our high schools. But what about the economic implications of such issues? Or the benefit that sustainable development can offer to any economy?

This article will break down the meaning & function of ‘environment’, the various environmental issues & concerns India is facing at the moment; and assess the alternative that sustainable development offers. 

Environment: Meaning & Function

The term ‘environment’ refers to the natural setting in which we live, which is bestowed to us by our ancestors. It encompasses the interaction between biotic (the living components, including plants, animals, birds, etc.) and abiotic components (land, air, water, etc.) that co-exist to form this natural-setting.

The four major functions served by the environment are: supply of resources, sustenance of life, providing aesthetic value, and assimilation of waste generated by various production & consumption activities.

Environmental Issues in India

In India, factors like rapid growth of population, urbanization, industrialization, and poverty, among others are responsible for harming the environment. Some of the severe environmental issues prevalent in India are

  1. Degrading Air Quality Index
  2. Rampant Environmental Degradation
  3. Loss of Biodiversity
  4. Urbanization in the Himalayas
  5. Loss of Resilience in Ecosystems
  6. Lack of Waste Management
  7. Depletion of Resources (land, air, water)
  8. Growing Water Scarcity

There are many more such issues that need to be addressed to maintain a sustainable environment so as to ensure consistent economic development.

Governmental Initiatives to Tackle Environmental Degradation

While the cooperation of every citizen of the country is essential for safeguarding the environment, governments have a huge role to play in helping find solutions to the problems. The government of India has taken various steps to safeguard the environment. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Swachh Bharat Mission
  2. Green Skill Development Programme
  3. Namami Gange Programme
  4. Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act (CAMPA)
  5. National Mission for Green India
  6. National River Conservation Programme
  7. Conservation of Natural Resources & Eco-systems

Sustainable Development: Meaning & Features

“Sustainable Development is the development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising with the needs of future generations.” This definition was put forward by the Brundtland Commission in its report “Our Common Future” in 1987. It calls for a concerted effort to build an inclusive, sustainable, and resilient ecosystem for the people and the planet.

The main features of sustainable development include

  1. Increase in per capita income
  2. Judicious use of natural resources
  3. Preserving the resources for future generations

Sustainable Development Goals: The United Nations

As an affirmative action towards tackling the global environmental crisis that involves global warming, climate change, and ozone layer depletion, the United Nations adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets as part of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are:

Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education, and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all

Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all

Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation

Goal 10

Reduce inequality within, and among, countries

Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable

Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development

Goal 15

Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels

Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Measures Taken by India To Implement Sustainable Development

NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog, the newly-formed commission that replaced the 65-year old Planning Commission in India, is entrusted with the task of coordinating SDGs in India.

States are also advised to undertake similar mapping, including visioning, planning, budgeting, and developing implementation & monitoring systems for the state-sponsored schemes that are being implemented to fulfill the SDGs.

In addition to that, the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation is engaged in the process of building key indicators to monitor the implementation of SDGs.

Since 2015 (when the United Nations, along with other countries, adopted the SDGs) the Indian government has launched several flagship programs that are at the heart of SDGs. Some of these include Swachh Bharat Mission, Skill India, Make In India, Digital India, etc.

Challenges in Attaining SDGs For India

The four major challenges for attaining SDGs in India are discussed below:

  1. Defining the Key Indicators: One of the major challenges for India is to devise suitable indicators to effectively assess the progress of SDGs. The key definitions for areas, such as poverty, hunger, safe drinking water, education need to be revised in order to effectively implement the SDGs.
  2. Financing Sustainable Development Goals: Despite India’s best efforts and making poverty alleviation a priority since the Fourth 5-year Plan, India has the highest number of people living below the poverty line. At today’s level of investment, there is a huge funding shortfall that hinders the progress of attaining SDGs.
  3. Monitoring & Ownership of Implementation Process: Although NITI Aayog is expected to play an important role in taking ownership of the implementation process, the members of the Aayog have expressed their concerns time and again about the limited manpower they have to handle such a Herculean task.
  4. Measuring the Progress: The government of India has admitted the non-availability of data, especially from the sub-national areas. Incomplete coverage of administrative data is yet another factor that has hampered the measurement of progress for even the Millennial Development Goals (MDGs) that were the precursor to SDGs. 

This is an important area for RBI Grade-B Exam. Carefully go through each of the concepts and develop a thorough understanding of the topic. Questions from topic can also be asked in Essay Writing for RBI Grade-B Main.

For more such informative articles on RBI Grade B topics, check the academic section on our RBI Grade-B website.

Should you need more assistance, enroll in our detailed course for RBI Grade-B Preparation where each of these topics is covered in great depth. Make the most of your time to ensure your selection in the upcoming RBI Grade-B Exam 2020. Get in touch with our course counselors for further details.

Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues in India | RBI Grade-B Main

Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues in India | RBI Grade-B Main

Achieving economic development is crucial for any country. But is it worth it if it comes at the cost of environmental degradation? We were made aware of the ill-effects of environmental degradation in our high schools. But what about the economic implications of such issues? Or the benefit that sustainable development can offer to any economy?

This article will break down the meaning & function of ‘environment’, the various environmental issues & concerns India is facing at the moment; and assess the alternative that sustainable development offers. 

Environment: Meaning & Function

The term ‘environment’ refers to the natural setting in which we live, which is bestowed to us by our ancestors. It encompasses the interaction between biotic (the living components, including plants, animals, birds, etc.) and abiotic components (land, air, water, etc.) that co-exist to form this natural-setting.

The four major functions served by the environment are: supply of resources, sustenance of life, providing aesthetic value, and assimilation of waste generated by various production & consumption activities.

Environmental Issues in India

In India, factors like rapid growth of population, urbanization, industrialization, and poverty, among others are responsible for harming the environment. Some of the severe environmental issues prevalent in India are

  1. Degrading Air Quality Index
  2. Rampant Environmental Degradation
  3. Loss of Biodiversity
  4. Urbanization in the Himalayas
  5. Loss of Resilience in Ecosystems
  6. Lack of Waste Management
  7. Depletion of Resources (land, air, water)
  8. Growing Water Scarcity

There are many more such issues that need to be addressed to maintain a sustainable environment so as to ensure consistent economic development.

Governmental Initiatives to Tackle Environmental Degradation

While the cooperation of every citizen of the country is essential for safeguarding the environment, governments have a huge role to play in helping find solutions to the problems. The government of India has taken various steps to safeguard the environment. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Swachh Bharat Mission
  2. Green Skill Development Programme
  3. Namami Gange Programme
  4. Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act (CAMPA)
  5. National Mission for Green India
  6. National River Conservation Programme
  7. Conservation of Natural Resources & Eco-systems

Sustainable Development: Meaning & Features

“Sustainable Development is the development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising with the needs of future generations.” This definition was put forward by the Brundtland Commission in its report “Our Common Future” in 1987. It calls for a concerted effort to build an inclusive, sustainable, and resilient ecosystem for the people and the planet.

The main features of sustainable development include

  1. Increase in per capita income
  2. Judicious use of natural resources
  3. Preserving the resources for future generations

Sustainable Development Goals: The United Nations

As an affirmative action towards tackling the global environmental crisis that involves global warming, climate change, and ozone layer depletion, the United Nations adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets as part of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are:

Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education, and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all

Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all

Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation

Goal 10

Reduce inequality within, and among, countries

Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable

Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development

Goal 15

Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels

Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Measures Taken by India To Implement Sustainable Development

NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog, the newly-formed commission that replaced the 65-year old Planning Commission in India, is entrusted with the task of coordinating SDGs in India.

States are also advised to undertake similar mapping, including visioning, planning, budgeting, and developing implementation & monitoring systems for the state-sponsored schemes that are being implemented to fulfill the SDGs.

In addition to that, the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation is engaged in the process of building key indicators to monitor the implementation of SDGs.

Since 2015 (when the United Nations, along with other countries, adopted the SDGs) the Indian government has launched several flagship programs that are at the heart of SDGs. Some of these include Swachh Bharat Mission, Skill India, Make In India, Digital India, etc.

Challenges in Attaining SDGs For India

The four major challenges for attaining SDGs in India are discussed below:

  1. Defining the Key Indicators: One of the major challenges for India is to devise suitable indicators to effectively assess the progress of SDGs. The key definitions for areas, such as poverty, hunger, safe drinking water, education need to be revised in order to effectively implement the SDGs.
  2. Financing Sustainable Development Goals: Despite India’s best efforts and making poverty alleviation a priority since the Fourth 5-year Plan, India has the highest number of people living below the poverty line. At today’s level of investment, there is a huge funding shortfall that hinders the progress of attaining SDGs.
  3. Monitoring & Ownership of Implementation Process: Although NITI Aayog is expected to play an important role in taking ownership of the implementation process, the members of the Aayog have expressed their concerns time and again about the limited manpower they have to handle such a Herculean task.
  4. Measuring the Progress: The government of India has admitted the non-availability of data, especially from the sub-national areas. Incomplete coverage of administrative data is yet another factor that has hampered the measurement of progress for even the Millennial Development Goals (MDGs) that were the precursor to SDGs. 

This is an important area for RBI Grade-B Exam. Carefully go through each of the concepts and develop a thorough understanding of the topic. Questions from topic can also be asked in Essay Writing for RBI Grade-B Main.

For more such informative articles on RBI Grade B topics, check the academic section on our RBI Grade-B website.

Should you need more assistance, enroll in our detailed course for RBI Grade-B Preparation where each of these topics is covered in great depth. Make the most of your time to ensure your selection in the upcoming RBI Grade-B Exam 2020. Get in touch with our course counselors for further details.

Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues in India | RBI Grade-B Main

Sustainable Development & Environmental Issues in India | RBI Grade-B Main

Achieving economic development is crucial for any country. But is it worth it if it comes at the cost of environmental degradation? We were made aware of the ill-effects of environmental degradation in our high schools. But what about the economic implications of such issues? Or the benefit that sustainable development can offer to any economy?

This article will break down the meaning & function of ‘environment’, the various environmental issues & concerns India is facing at the moment; and assess the alternative that sustainable development offers. 

Environment: Meaning & Function

The term ‘environment’ refers to the natural setting in which we live, which is bestowed to us by our ancestors. It encompasses the interaction between biotic (the living components, including plants, animals, birds, etc.) and abiotic components (land, air, water, etc.) that co-exist to form this natural-setting.

The four major functions served by the environment are: supply of resources, sustenance of life, providing aesthetic value, and assimilation of waste generated by various production & consumption activities.

Environmental Issues in India

In India, factors like rapid growth of population, urbanization, industrialization, and poverty, among others are responsible for harming the environment. Some of the severe environmental issues prevalent in India are

  1. Degrading Air Quality Index
  2. Rampant Environmental Degradation
  3. Loss of Biodiversity
  4. Urbanization in the Himalayas
  5. Loss of Resilience in Ecosystems
  6. Lack of Waste Management
  7. Depletion of Resources (land, air, water)
  8. Growing Water Scarcity

There are many more such issues that need to be addressed to maintain a sustainable environment so as to ensure consistent economic development.

Governmental Initiatives to Tackle Environmental Degradation

While the cooperation of every citizen of the country is essential for safeguarding the environment, governments have a huge role to play in helping find solutions to the problems. The government of India has taken various steps to safeguard the environment. Some of them are listed below:

  1. Swachh Bharat Mission
  2. Green Skill Development Programme
  3. Namami Gange Programme
  4. Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act (CAMPA)
  5. National Mission for Green India
  6. National River Conservation Programme
  7. Conservation of Natural Resources & Eco-systems

Sustainable Development: Meaning & Features

“Sustainable Development is the development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising with the needs of future generations.” This definition was put forward by the Brundtland Commission in its report “Our Common Future” in 1987. It calls for a concerted effort to build an inclusive, sustainable, and resilient ecosystem for the people and the planet.

The main features of sustainable development include

  1. Increase in per capita income
  2. Judicious use of natural resources
  3. Preserving the resources for future generations

Sustainable Development Goals: The United Nations

As an affirmative action towards tackling the global environmental crisis that involves global warming, climate change, and ozone layer depletion, the United Nations adopted 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and 169 targets as part of the United Nations 2030 Agenda. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are:

Goal 1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Goal 2

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture

Goal 3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Goal 4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education, and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

Goal 5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Goal 6

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Goal 7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all

Goal 8

Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all

Goal 9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and foster innovation

Goal 10

Reduce inequality within, and among, countries

Goal 11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable

Goal 12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Goal 13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

Goal 14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development

Goal 15

Protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss

Goal 16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels

Goal 17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Measures Taken by India To Implement Sustainable Development

NITI (National Institution for Transforming India) Aayog, the newly-formed commission that replaced the 65-year old Planning Commission in India, is entrusted with the task of coordinating SDGs in India.

States are also advised to undertake similar mapping, including visioning, planning, budgeting, and developing implementation & monitoring systems for the state-sponsored schemes that are being implemented to fulfill the SDGs.

In addition to that, the Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation is engaged in the process of building key indicators to monitor the implementation of SDGs.

Since 2015 (when the United Nations, along with other countries, adopted the SDGs) the Indian government has launched several flagship programs that are at the heart of SDGs. Some of these include Swachh Bharat Mission, Skill India, Make In India, Digital India, etc.

Challenges in Attaining SDGs For India

The four major challenges for attaining SDGs in India are discussed below:

  1. Defining the Key Indicators: One of the major challenges for India is to devise suitable indicators to effectively assess the progress of SDGs. The key definitions for areas, such as poverty, hunger, safe drinking water, education need to be revised in order to effectively implement the SDGs.
  2. Financing Sustainable Development Goals: Despite India’s best efforts and making poverty alleviation a priority since the Fourth 5-year Plan, India has the highest number of people living below the poverty line. At today’s level of investment, there is a huge funding shortfall that hinders the progress of attaining SDGs.
  3. Monitoring & Ownership of Implementation Process: Although NITI Aayog is expected to play an important role in taking ownership of the implementation process, the members of the Aayog have expressed their concerns time and again about the limited manpower they have to handle such a Herculean task.
  4. Measuring the Progress: The government of India has admitted the non-availability of data, especially from the sub-national areas. Incomplete coverage of administrative data is yet another factor that has hampered the measurement of progress for even the Millennial Development Goals (MDGs) that were the precursor to SDGs. 

This is an important area for RBI Grade-B Exam. Carefully go through each of the concepts and develop a thorough understanding of the topic. Questions from topic can also be asked in Essay Writing for RBI Grade-B Main.

For more such informative articles on RBI Grade B topics, check the academic section on our RBI Grade-B website.

Should you need more assistance, enroll in our detailed course for RBI Grade-B Preparation where each of these topics is covered in great depth. Make the most of your time to ensure your selection in the upcoming RBI Grade-B Exam 2020. Get in touch with our course counselors for further details.