Important Government Schemes 2021 For UPSC Civil Services Preparation

Central ministries on the behalf of Government of India launches several schemes for the social and economic welfare of the country. It is one of the most important areas of preparation for most government job exams including the UPSC Civil Services Exam. Every year 2-3 questions are asked from government schemes which makes it an important topic for UPSC preparation.

In this article, we have listed important government schemes for UPSC 2021 that can be asked in the upcoming prelims exam. As a general rule, you should focus on the last years’ of current affairs for the UPSC Exam. Hence, here we’re covering important government schemes for UPSC for 2021. These are also equally important for other exams such as SSC, Defence, Railway, and Banking.

List of Important Government Schemes For UPSC (2020-2021)

Here’s a ministry-wise list of important government schemes for UPSC for the past year. You need to study each of them in detail to ensure you mark the correct answer in UPSC Prelims.


Government Ministry

Name of Scheme

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Nidhi

Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojna

National Digital Health Mission

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna

Intensified Mission Indradhanush 3.0

Ministry of Education

STARS Project

Institutions of Eminence Scheme

Mid-May Meal

Swach Vidyalaya Abhiyan

Kala Utsav

Shikshav Parv Initiative

Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration  (SPARC)

Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna

Poshan Abhiyan

Rashtriya Poshan Maah

Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna

Ministry of Rural Development

Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) Scheme

National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

Rashtriya Aajivika Mission

Gram Panchayat Development Plans

Startup Village Entrepreneurship Programme

DDU Grameen Kaushalya Yojna

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna

Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs

Global Housing Technology Challenge

Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge

PM SVANIDI

Climate-Smart City Assessment Framework

Swachh Sarvekshan 2021

Ministry of Jal Shakti

Rashtriya Swachhta Kendra

Grand ICT Challenge

Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment

Ambekar Social Innovation & Incubation Mission

Ministry of Finance

Saral Jeevan Bima

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

One District One Product Scheme

PRARAMBH: Startup India International Summit

Merchandise Export From India Scheme

Ministry of Textiles

SAMARTH Scheme


National Technical Textile Mission

Ministry of Ports, Shipping & Waterways

Sagarmala Sea Plane Services

National Authority For Recycling of Ships

Ministry of Labor & Employment

Atal Beemit Vyakti Kalyan Yojna

Nation Career Service Project

Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food, and Public Distribution

Bureau of Indian Standards

Consumer Protection (Ecommerce) Rules, 2020

Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation

MPLADS (Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme)

NITI Aayog

Vision 2035

NPMPF ('National Program and Project Management Policy Framework')

Aatmanirbhar Bharat ARISE-Atal New India Challenge 



Other Important Government Schemes For UPSC

Apart from the above-mentioned government schemes, there are some government schemes that have been launched earlier. But they particularly important for UPSC Mains answer-writing. These are some of the key schemes of the government, and thus, you must know about them, specifically the allocated budget to a particular scheme for a particular year, and the beneficiaries. 


Name of the Scheme

Date of Launch

Government Ministry

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

August 28, 2014

Ministry of Finance

Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana

January 22, 2015

Ministry of Health & Family Welfare

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana

April 8, 2015

Ministry of Finance

Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana

May 9 2015

Ministry of Finance

Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana

May 9, 2015

Ministry of Finance

Atal Pension Yojana

May 9, 2015

Ministry of Finance

Kisan Vikas Patra

2014

Ministry of Finance

Gold Monetisation Scheme

November 4 2015

Ministry of Finance

Make in India

September 25, 2014

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Startup India, Standup India

January 16, 2016

Government of India

Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY)

December 16, 2016

Ministry of Finance

Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana

July 25, 2015

Ministry of Power

Rashtriya Gokul Mission

December 16, 2014

Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

Digital India

July 1, 2015

Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana

January 22, 2015

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Yojana

October 16, 2014

Ministry of Labour and Employment

National Sports Talent Search Scheme

February 20, 2015

Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports

Prime Minister Street Vendor’s Atmanirbhar Nidhi

June 1, 2020

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Pradhan Mantri Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprises Scheme

June 29, 2020

Ministry of Food Processing Industries

Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana

September 10, 2020

Department of Fisheries

Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas

April 24, 2020

Ministry of Panchayati Raj

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan

February 19, 2019 (Approval Date)

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

October 2nd, 2014

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

Namami Gange

June 2014

Ministry of Water Resources

National Bal Swachhta

November 14, 2014

Ministry of Women and Child Development

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana’ (PMBJP)

September 2015

Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers

National Digital Health Mission

August 15, 2020

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare


How to Memorize Government Schemes for UPSC?

It is one thing to have all the information that you need and a whole another thing to retain that volume of information. Here’re some tips from our expert mentors on how to memorize the government schemes for the UPSC exam:

  • Learn the scheme ministry-wise or developmental goal-wise. It will be easier to retain. 

  • Revise the schemes and their key aspects consistently in order to retain the information.

  • Make sure to revise all the important schemes month-by-month (as and when they launch) and prepare your own notes for future reference.

  • Incorporate them in the answer-writing practice for maximum retention. 

  • Lastly, write mock tests centered on government schemes frequently to assess your performance. 


These are some of the ways to remember the important government schemes for UPSC Preparation. Make sure you study each of them in detail and revise them consistently to retain the information.

Current Affairs analysis