Updated & Complete List of Ramsar Sites In India | UPSC Notes

The wetlands that are listed under the Ramsar Convention are known as the Ramsar Sites in India. There are 42 Ramsar sites in India. Since it holds critical importance to the environment and ecology of India, questions from Ramsar Convention and Ramsar Sites in India are often asked in UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam.

You must remember the list of Ramsar sites in India if you are preparing for any other competitive exam in the likes of Banking, SSC, RBI Grade B Exam. Direct questions from the sites are frequently asked in the exam. In this article, we have mentioned the updated list of Ramsar sites in India.

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Ramsar Sites in India

As mentioned above, there are a total of 42 wetlands that are listed under the Ramsar Convention. Hence, they are called Ramsar sites in India. We’ve tabulated these sites along with their location. Five of the wetlands are recently added to the Ramsar sites. These include:

  • Asan Conservation Reserve, Dehradun, Uttarakhand

  • Kabartal Wetland, Begusarai, Bihar

  • Lonar Lake, Buldhana, Maharashtra

  • Tso Kar Wetland, Leh-Ladakh

  • Sur Sarovar, Mathura, Uttar Pradesh

Now, let’s look at the updated and complete list of 42 Ramsar sites in India are:


Ramsar Sites

Andhra Pradesh

Kolleru Lake


Deepor Beel


Kabartal Wetland


Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary

Himachal Pradesh

Chandertal Wetland

Pong Dam Lake

Renuka Wetland

Jammu & Kashmir

Hokera Wetland

Surinsar-Mansar Lakes


Wular Lake


Ashtamudi Wetland

Sasthamkotta Lake

Vembanad-Kol Wetland


Tso Kar Wetland

Madhya Pradesh

Bhoj Wetland


Nandur Madhameshwar

Lonar Lake


Loktak Lake


Bhitarkanika Mangroves

Chilika Lake


Harike Lake



Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve

Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary

Beas Conservation Reserve


Sambhar Lake

Keoladeo National Park

Tamil Nadu

Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary


Rudrasagar Lake

Uttar Pradesh

Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)

Saman Bird Sanctuary

Samaspur Bird Sanctuary

Sandi Bird Sanctuary

Sarsai Nawar Jheel

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary

Parvati Arga Bird Sanctuary

Sur Sarovar  


Asan Conservation Reserve

West Bengal

Sundarban Wetland

East Calcutta Wetlands

Ramsar Sites On Map

You may get Map-based questions on Ramsar Sites in India in UPSC Prelims or other government exams. Hence, you should have a complete understanding of where they’re located on the map of India. Refer to the map and learn the locations of 42 Ramsar sites in India:

Important Questions From Ramsar Sites For UPSC Exam

Match the following:

Ramsar Sites in India


1. Keoladeo National Park

A. Rajasthan 

2. Loktak Lake 

B. Odisha 

3. Ashtamudi Lake


4. Chilka Lake 

D. Manipur 

Choose the correct option from the following

  1. 1-A 2-B 3-C 4-D 

  2. 1-D 2-B 3-A 4-C 

  3. 1-A 2-D 3-C 4-B 

  4. 1-B 2-D 3-A 4-C 

Answer: C

2. The Ramsar sites in India are listed with their famous features. Identify the correct one:

  1. Wular Lake – Two oxbow lakes merge in this lake

  2. Sambhar Lake- It is the largest inland Salt Lake in India 

  3. Tsomoriri- It is a breeding ground for black-necked cranes, now in China 

  4. Loktak lake- It is famous for Phumdis. 

Ans: D

3. Consider the following statements about Ramsar Wetland Convention 

  1. World Wetlands Day is celebrated every year on 2 February as Ramsar Convention took place on the same day in 1971 

  2. Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the Ramsar list, which are facing or may face challenges due to human interference 

  3. Nandur Madhameshwar and Keshopur- Miani are among the latest 10 wetlands from India added to the Ramsar Convention list 

Choose the correct statement from above 

  1. Only 1 and 2 

  2. Only 2 and 3 

  3. Only 1 and 3 

  4. All of the above 

Ans: D

4. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Vembanad is India's longest lake.

2. The Vembanad Wetland system was included in the list of wetlands of international importance, as defined by the Ramsar Convention.

  1. Only 1

  2. Only 2

  3. Both 1 and 2

  4. None of the above

Answer: C

5. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

1. Kolleru is brackish water lake.

2. It is designated as a wetland of international importance under the international Ramsar Convention.

  1. Only 1

  2. Only 2

  3. Both

  4. None

Answer: B

This is a brief overview of the Ramsar Sites in India for the UPSC Civil Services Examination. 

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