Follow this article till the end, to go through the detailed class 8 Science syllabus, exam pattern, NCERT solutions for class 8 Science, preparation tips, the importance of building a strong foundation, and much more. With complete awareness, begin your customized Class 8 Science online tuition journey with us!

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Class 8 Science Overview

In the following table, we have mentioned a brief overview of Class 8 Science. Interested students can navigate to the official website of NCERT from the table below.

Name of the Exam

Class 8 Science

Exam Level


Marks distribution

Theory (80) + Assignment (20)

Official Website of NCERT

Curriculum and schedules that are followed by different Boards like CBSE, ICSE, or any other might differ a bit from each other, but all the Boards or schools follow the same NCERT syllabus for class 8.

Class 8 Science Syllabus

A total of 13 chapters constitute the whole class 8 science syllabus. Science as a subject involves some conceptual understanding and innovative thinking compared to other class 8 subjects. Students must comprehensively practice by going through the detailed NCERT solutions for class 8 science, and understand all the concepts and fundamentals to kickstart their class 8 science preparation.

Check all the chapters for CBSE class 8 science syllabus in the table below:

Chapter Number

Chapter Name

Chapter 1


Chapter 2


Chapter 3


Chapter 4


Chapter 5


Chapter 6


Chapter 7


Chapter 8


Chapter 9


Chapter 10


Chapter 11


Chapter 12




Class 8 Science Exam Pattern

The class 8 science exam pattern is the detailed guidelines for marks distribution of the class 8 science exam. Similar to the other subjects, the class 8 science exam pattern is broadly divided into two parts:

  • Theory (Term I & II)
  • Internal Assessment or Practicals

The theory paper consists of 80 marks, and the question pattern for the same is as follows:

  • 12 questions of 1 mark = 12
  • 12 questions of 2 marks = 24
  • 8 questions of 3 marks = 24
  • 4 questions of 5 marks = 20

*The question pattern might vary from Board to Board or school to school.

The internal assessment or practical consists of 20 marks in total. For this various assignments & project works are framed by different Boards & schools.

The total mark for the class 8 science exam is 100 [Theory (80) + Assessment (20)].

NCERT solutions for class 8 science

The NCERT book for any subject always provides a few questions at the end of each chapter with the aim of giving the students some hands-on with the concepts and problems they just learned. This helps the students in progressing in an organized manner and revise simultaneously.

Check and download the detailed chapter-wise NCERT solutions for class 8 science in the table below.

Class 8 Science Chapters

NCERT solutions for class 8 science

Class 8 Science Chapter 1: Crop Production and Management

Download Here

Class 8 Science Chapter 2: Microorganisms - Friend and Foe

Download Here

Class 8 Science Chapter 3: Synthetic Fibers and Plastics

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Class 8 Science Chapter 4: Materials - Metals and Non-Metals

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Class 8 Science Chapter 5: Coal and Petroleum

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Class 8 Science Chapter 6: Combustion and Flame

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Class 8 Science Chapter 7: Conservation of Plants and Animals

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Class 8 Science Chapter 8: Cell Structures and Functions

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Class 8 Science Chapter 9: Reproduction in Animals

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Class 8 Science Chapter 10: Reaching the Age of Adolescence

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Class 8 Science Chapter 11: Force and Pressure

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Class 8 Science Chapter 12: Friction

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Class 8 Science Chapter 13: Sound

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Class 8 Science Chapter 14: Chemical Effects of Electric Current

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Class 8 Science Chapter 15: Some Natural Phenomena

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Class 8 Science Chapter 16: Light

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Class 8 Science Chapter 17: Stars and the Solar System

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Class 8 Science Chapter 18: Pollution of Air and Water

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Class 8 Science Preparation Tips

Irrespective of the standard you are in, Science & Maths are always the two most scoring subjects. In these two subjects, if your fundamentals and concepts are clear you can even score full marks. To score good marks in class 8 science, students need to have a perfect & suitable preparation strategy. Strategizing a preparation plan and following it with discipline will lead you to a good score in the subject.

Given below are some important preparation tips suggested by subject experts, which students can adhere to and prepare for the class 8 science exam:

  • First thing while preparing for any subject is to check their syllabus. While preparing for the class 8 science exam, thorough knowledge of the class 8 science syllabus will enable you to identify important, easy, and challenging topics before kickstarting your preparation.
  • The following challenge will be to prepare an appropriate timetable complementing your strength and weakness and adhere to it with discipline. (Enrolling in a curated tuition program will help in this aspect as they analyze your strengths & preparedness and guide you through a comprehensive tuition plan)
  • The most important thing is, students must follow the NCERT test book for class 8 science for their preparation.
  • Another source of practice could be by solving the class 8 science sample paper and chapter-wise important questions. This helps students to understand the exam pattern in a better manner.
  • One must not ever forget to take things easy and slow. Take short breaks, eat, and sleep properly, this will keep your mind fresh.

Enroll in a customized tuition program curated to meet your requirements to prepare for class 8 science. Moreover, tuition programs offer various modern-age facilities like Progress maps, worksheets, performance analysis, AI tools, and many more to enable you to learn efficiently and compete with your peers.

Class 8 Science Sample Paper & Notes

Following the Class 8 Science book (NCERT) and solving the practice problems provided at the end of each chapter is the first step toward preparation. This checks & ensures your understanding and conceptual clarity of the ideas conveyed in the chapter. However, to gain expertise in the subject and excel in it you need to follow various class 8 science sample papers, mocks, class 8 science chapter-wise important questions, etc. This will shape your understanding by exploring various varied concepts and logic related to the same topic.

Explore our Tuitions FREEZONE, a free platform that is full of useful resources to help students explore, practice, and attain excellence in class 8 science.


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Class 8 Science Tuition Program

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Frequently Asked Questions

Class 8 science can be prepared by following the steps mentioned below -

  • Solving the NCERT Textbook questions and going through their solutions
  • Attempting various/multiple Practice tests
  • Getting to know important topics and preparation tips for each Chapter
  • Revising all that you have learned in you free/extra time
  • Align your preparation with a curated coaching program

One should not prioritize one chapter over another. All the class 8 science chapters are equally important and prepared accordingly. Still, if you want to prioritize beginning your preparation, then you can begin with the chapters with a higher weightage of marks.

Classes 8 & 9 are the foundation for your higher studies. Though there is no direct similarity with the content of the syllabus, every class is a bridge to the next. If you miss out or skip anything then there will remain a gap and it will be very difficult to fill later.

You can adhere to the following steps to increase your chance of being a topper in class 8 science -

  • Understanding the syllabus and conceptual clarity
  • Revise regularly, as practice makes a man perfect
  • Attending the classes regularly - don’t miss any
  • Solve sample question papers & mocks
  • Best is to enroll in any curated tuition program

There are 18 chapters in class 8 science (NCERT Syllabus). However, different boards exclude various chapters and roughly include 13-15 chapters in total for the class 8 science syllabus.

To prepare for any subject it is important to have the right resources at your disposal. Explore and download NCERT solutions for class 8 science and many other free resources from the Class 8 Freezone of Career Launcher.