CAT 2019: Question Paper and CAT Result

Introduction

The CAT 2019 Exam, for many candidates, is their ticket to the promised land. It is the escape that they crave from mediocrity or a job that they do not see themselves doing 3-4 years down the line. With this in mind, CAT Preparation becomes extremely critical for each aspirant.

One thing about Exam Preparation that has remained true since our school days is looking up previous years papers which is the CAT Previous Years Question Papers in this case. Earlier, the CAT Previous Years Question Papers were not released but since CAT 2017, it has been uploaded on the CAT website along with the solutions.

Key Changes in CAT Previous Years Question Papers

Prior to 2009, CAT was held as a Paper based test and established itself as one of the toughest exams in the country. Since CAT 2010, it has moved into the mode of Computer Based Test. After initial glitches, CAT has been successfully held in the online mode.

In terms of the Paper Pattern, it has shifted quite frequently from having 2 sections in CAT 2011, CAT 2012, CAT 2013 and CAT 2014 to 3 sections since then.

  • The basic syllabus remained the same with students studying for Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC), Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR) and Quantitative Aptitude (QA).
  • While CAT had 2 sections, the sections for VARC and LR were merged while the other section consisted of QA and DI.
  • During the CAT Exam, there will also be sectional time limits of 1 hour each to attempt the 3 sections over the past 3-4 years.
  • The marking scheme has remained the same with the aspirant awarded 3 marks for each correct answer and penalized 1 mark for each incorrect attempt.
  • For non-MCQs, there is no negative marking although the reward for a correct attempt remains the same.

Apart from the sectional time limits, almost all the top colleges also have a sectional cutoff of around 80%ile. If the aspirant does not clear this cutoff, their overall score will not matter and they will not be called for further processes.

CAT Preparation with CAT Previous Years Question Papers

The CAT Previous Years Question Papers is one step in the CAT Preparation that no candidate can ignore. It gives the aspirants an idea of the actual level of questions that appear in the CAT paper as well as the language and style of questions.

Solving the CAT Previous Years Question Papers will allow the aspirant to look for trends of the question topics as well as identify the best approach for both attempting the CAT Question Paper as well as individual questions.

CAT 2019 is going to be convened by IIM Kozhikode and it is expected that the CAT Question Paper will be released just as CAT 2018 Previous Years Question Papers and CAT 2017 Previous Years Question Papers was. While earlier CAT Question Paper are available as well, they are mostly based on memory and hence slightly less reliable.

CAT 2018 Question Paper Analysis

CAT 2018 was held in two slots: the morning and afternoon slot. The CAT 2018 exam pattern remained roughly the same as in CAT 2017 and CAT 2016. It consisted of three sections:

  • Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC)
  • Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR)
  • Quantitative Aptitude (QA)

The number of question in the CAT Question Paper 2018 remained 100 with 34 questions each in VARC and QA and 32 questions in DILR. The difference between the CAT Question Paper 2018 and CAT Question Paper 2016 or CAT Question Paper 2017 was the difference in the number of non-Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs).

Year Number of non-MCQs
CAT 2016 33
CAT 2017 26
CAT 2018 25

The number of non-MCQs has been decreasing each year since its inception in CAT 2016. This can be a double-edged sword for the aspirants since the non-MCQs offered a chance for aspirants to attempt the questions without any penalty but the lack of options also increased the difficulty of the question.

Apart from this, the CAT Exam pattern for the past 3 CAT Previous Years Question Papers has remained the same.

CAT 2018 Question Paper- Slot 1

For Slot 1 of the CAT 2018 Exam, the VARC Section was easier than the same section in CAT 2017. This led to increase in the number of attempts and was the savior for several students who depended on the QA section. The DILR Section was also easier than in CAT 2017. This was mainly because the sets were along familiar lines after 2 years of difficult sets. However the most difficult section was the QA section which hampered the attempt for several students who were looking at Quants to maximize their score.

CAT 2018 Question Paper- Slot 2

For Slot 2 of the CAT 2018 Exam, the level of difficulty was somewhat similar to Slot 1. The VARC section was of a similar level to the Slot 1. However some aspirants felt that the DILR section was slightly more difficult than Slot 1. The QA section was as difficult as the first slot which several students anticipated after hearing the reports from the first slot.

Overall Analysis of CAT 2018 Question Paper

Since the level of difficultly of the CAT Question Paper increased slightly, and especially because of the difficult QA section, the overall cutoff to get 99%ile went down by around 20 marks. Getting around 150 marks overall would be considered a good score in CAT 2018.

CAT 2018 CAT 2017 CAT 2016
%ile Score Score Score
99 154 174 156
95 121 138 123
90 103 118 105
80 79 93 82

As this table shows, the cutoff shifts by a huge amount depending on the level of difficulty of the paper. With the easy paper in 2017, 150 would have been only a mediocre score but with the same score in a more difficult paper of CAT 2016 or CAT 2018, it would have been almost equal to a 99%ile.

Some CAT Previous Question Paper Questions

Some of the questions from the CAT Previous Years Question Papers are given below so that the aspirant can have a taste of the types of questions that appear in CAT Question Papers and learn about the approach to solve them as well.

There are several different approaches that can be taken to solve these questions. The approaches shown are the simplest approaches solved using only the basics and no shortcuts.

CAT Previous Year Question Papers: VARC Section

Q) The passage given below is followed by four summaries. Choose the option that best captures the author’s position. Artificial embryo twinning is a relatively low-tech way to make clones. As the name suggests, this technique mimics the natural process that creates identical twins. In nature, twins form very early in development when the embryo splits in two. Twinning happens in the first days after egg and sperm join, while the embryo is made of just a small number of unspecialized cells. Each half of the embryo continues dividing on its own, ultimately developing into separate, complete individuals. Since they developed from the same fertilized egg, the resulting individuals are genetically identical.

Options:

  1. 1. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and mimetic of the natural development of genetically identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  2. 2. Artificial embryo twinning is just like the natural development of twins, where during fertilization twins are formed.
  3. 3. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech unlike the natural development of identical twins from the embryo after fertilization.
  4. 4. Artificial embryo twinning is low-tech and is close to the natural development of twins where the embryo splits into two identical twins

Answer

In order to ascertain the answer, let us go through the options one by one. The first option talks about the technique being low-tech and similar to the natural development of genetically identical twins from the embryo rather than the egg. The second option mentions that it is just like natural development of twins which is untrue because the twins are formed before the embryo is even created. The third option contradicts the first option which appears to cover the facts so it cannot be true. The fourth option is very similar to the first option but talks about being close to the natural development of twins which is slightly vague.

Thus from the options given above, the answer appears to be Option 1.

CAT Previous Year Question Papers: Quantitative Aptitude Section

Humans and robots can both perform a job but at different efficiencies. Fifteen humans and five robots working together take thirty days to finish the job, whereas five humans and fifteen robots working together take sixty days to finish it. How many days will fifteen humans working together (without any robot) take to finish it?

Options

  1. 1. 36
  2. 2. 45
  3. 3. 32
  4. 4. 40

Answer

If we take the efficiency of each human to be H and each robot to be R. The equation formed is:
15H + 5R = 1/30
5H + 15R = 1/60
Using the second equation,
15H + 5R = 2* (5H + 15R)
15H + 5R = 10H + 30R
5H = 25R
H= 5R or R= H/5
Thus we can say,
15H + H =1/30
H= 1/480
For 15 Humans to complete their job,
15H = 15/480
= 1/32
Thus the answer is Option 3.