GMAT Syllabus 2019

In today's day and age, everyone has an aspiration and there is a realistic way of fulfilling each aspiration. An aspiration that most people in India tend to have is the aspiration to move abroad, to the so-called greener pastures. While there are several ways to fulfill these aspirations, one of the more common ways is to take part in one of the several entrance exams which grant admissions in international universities. One of the more prominent exams is the GMAT.

About GMAT

GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test) is a computer adaptive test which caters to candidates who are looking to get admitted in Management Programs, such as MBA, at over 2300 colleges in 7000 programs.

The GMAT Exam can be taken 5 times each year and up to 8 times in total. The GMAT score attained by a candidate is applicable for 5 years which gives the candidate time to serve out their notice period and even gain the required work experience in some cases. It is conducted only in English and a significant portion of the paper is devoted to testing the student on the same.

Before we look at the GMAT Syllabus 2019, it is advisable to check out the GMAT Exam Pattern to get some context at the time of examining the GMAT Syllabus 2019.

GMAT Exam Pattern

The GMAT Exam 2019 is a 3 hours and 7 minutes long online test. It consists of 4 broad sections namely:

Sections Number of Questions Time Limit (mins.)
Analytical Writing 1 30
Integrated Reasoning 12 30
Quantitative 31 62
Verbal 36 65
Total 80 187

The maximum marks which can be attained are 800 and although there are 4 sections, the marks are calculated based on only 2 sections, the Quantitative Section and the Verbal Section. The marks of the other sections are considered separately.

For a more detailed look at the GMAT Exam Pattern, please click on this page

GMAT Syllabus 2019

The GMAT 2019 Exam consists of 4 sections as mentioned above and before the candidate can start his/her preparation, they need to closely examine the GMAT Syllabus 2019. The GMAT Syllabus 2019 is given in broad terms on the official GMAT website. In this article, we will talk about the overall GMAT Syllabus 2019 according to the different sections.

GMAT Syllabus 2019 of Analytical Writing Analysis

The objective of the Analytical Writing section is to test the candidate on their critical thinking as well as their written communication skills.

In order to carry out this testing, this GMAT Exam section basically consists of an argument in written format. This argument has to be analyzed by the candidate and all the underlying assumptions are to be taken into account before the conclusion of whether the argument is logically sound or not has to be made. Another thing that has to be kept in mind is that no assumptions are to be made by the candidate. The candidate has to look at the statement and argument in isolation and dispassionately dissect it without prior biases.

The source of the GMAT Analytical Writing section can be practically anything and the topics range from general to business news. Therefore the only GMAT Preparation that can be conducted for this section is to get into the right mindset to analyze the argument through extensive practice.

This effectively means that the GMAT Syllabus for this section is for all practical purposes infinite. It also means that alertness during the GMAT exam becomes essential to succeed in this section.

GMAT Syllabus 2019 for Integrated Reasoning

The Integrated Reasoning Questions in the GMAT Syllabus 2019 consists of the data present in the form of graphs, passages, table or a combination of the three. Based on the data provided, four types of questions are asked:

  • Table Analysis: These questions are relatively straightforward and basically requires analysis of data given in the form of a table. Ratios, Statistics, Probabilities, etc. are generally used in these types of questions
  • Graphics Interpretation: It requires interpretation of data from graphs and charts of different varieties. The questions asked might be factual in nature or may require the candidate to come up with inferences based on the data given.
  • Multi-source Reasoning: These type of questions contain data in a variety of formats and the candidate is expected to collate the data and interpret it as a whole. Based on this data, questions will be asked of the candidate.
  • Two-Part Analysis: There are the most flexible type of questions as they can be numerical, verbal or a combination of the two. It expects students to analyze complex relationships between objects and can be used to evaluate questions on trade-offs, simultaneous equations, and other types of questions.

This is one of the more unique parts of the GMAT Syllabus 2019 and covers a vast range of topics. It is somewhat similar to DILR in CAT but also includes the Critical Reasoning type of questions. One additional difficulty in these types of questions is that there may have more than one answer. Therefore unless the candidate is able to identify all the correct options, it will counted as an incorrect response.

GMAT Syllabus 2019 for Verbal Reasoning

The Verbal Reasoning section is the one which most people tend to target as it is considered to be the toughest section by majority of the candidates. It has three types of questions according to the GMAT Syllabus 2019:

  • Reading Comprehension: This section is similar to CAT in terms of the fact that it consists of passages which have to be understood in order to answer questions related to it. The number of RC questions tests in the GMAT Question compared to the CAT Exam but it is still extremely crucial for the GMAT Preparation. The passage length is somewhat shorter compared to the longer passages in CAT with the normal length being around 350 words.
  • Critical Reasoning: This type of question is not tested in CAT at all. It measures the candidate's ability to evaluate arguments and choose the best option available. It is generally asked on the basis of a short passage of around 100 words.
  • Sentence Correction: This section focuses on testing the candidate on their grammar knowledge and vocabulary. Most questions consist of a short passage with a part of the sentence underlined. The candidate is required to select from amongst 5 options to correct the sentence.

GMAT Syllabus 2019 for Quantitative Reasoning Section

The Quantitative Reasoning Section tests the candidates on their mathematical ability and interpret graphical data. It contains 31 Questions which have to be solved within 62 minutes giving the candidates 2 minutes to solve each individual question. There are two types of questions in the Quantitative Reasoning section according to the GMAT Syllabus 2019:

  • Data Sufficiency: These types of questions are consists of a problem statement followed by two factual statements. The candidate has to decide whether the statements given would be sufficient to answer the question in the problem statement. The options, in this type of questions, are generally:
    • - Statement 1 individually is sufficient but Statement 2 individually is not sufficient.
    • - Statement 2 individually is sufficient but Statement 1 individually is not sufficient.
    • - Both Statements combined are sufficient but not individually.
    • - Each Statement individually is sufficient
    • - Both Statements combined is not sufficient
  • Problem Solving: These types of questions are used to test the candidates on their analytical and logical skills. The Quantitative Reasoning Section in the GMAT Syllabus 2019 requires the candidates to study roughly the same topics as in the CAT Syllabus. Some of the topics mentioned are:
    • - Arithmetic
    • - Algebra
    • - Geometry
    • - Commercial Mathematics
    • - Data Interpretation


The GMAT Syllabus 2019 is quite extensive but the true GMAT Preparation time required is very limited. The AWA Section and the IR section is not concept intensive but rather requires practice. Thus the GMAT Concept Preparation has to be concentrated on the Verbal Section and the Quantitative Section.

The GMAT Syllabus 2019 is a good place to start when you are initially planning your GMAT Preparation Strategy. It is entirely to prepare for GMAT in 1 month, although it requires extreme devotion to the GMAT Preparation, 2 months or 3 months.

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