Force and Pressure-NCERT Solutions

1.  Give two examples each of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects.
ans. We push a bicycle to move it, we pull the table to change its position.
2.  Give two examples of situations in which applied force causes a change in the shape of an object.
ans. when we press the foam, its shape is changed.
          when we stretch the rubber band, its shape is changed.
3.  Fill in the blanks in the following statements.
(a) To draw water from a well we have to ______ at the rope.
(b) A charged body______ an uncharged body towards it.
(c) To move a loaded trolley we have to ________ it.
(d) The north pole of a magnet _____ the north pole of another magnet.
ans. (a) To draw water from a well we have to pull at the rope.
(b) A charged body attracts an uncharged body towards it.
(c) To move a loaded trolley we have to pull it.
(d) The north pole of a magnet repels the north pole of another magnet.
4.  An archer stretches her bow while taking aim at the target. She then releases the arrow, which begins to move towards the target. Based on this information fill up the gaps in the statements using the following terms. Muscular, contact, non-contact, gravity, friction, shape, attraction
(a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its ______.
(b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of ________ force.
(c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a ______ force.
(d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to ____ and that due to __________ of air.
ans. 4. (a) shape (b) muscular (c) contact (d) gravity, friction.
5.  In the following statements identify the agent exerting the force and object on which its acts. State the effect of the force in each case.
(a) Squeezing a piece of lemon between the fingers to extract its juice.
(b) Taking out paste from a toothpaste tube.
(c) A load suspended from a spring while its other end is on a hook fixed to a wall.
(d) An athlete making a high jump to clear the bar at a certain height.
ans. Agents exerting force
Object on which force acts
Effect of force
      (a) Fingers
Lemon juice is extracted
      (b) Fingers
            Toothpaste tube
Toothpastes comes out
      (c) A load
      The spring expands
      (d) An athlete
            On the legs
      Cleans the height
6.  A blacksmith hammers a hot piece of iron while making tool. How does the force due to hammering affect the piece of iron?
ans. The force is hammering causes the change in shape of iron and iron can be moulded in the shape of the required of iron?
7.  An inflated balloon was pressed against a wall after it has been rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that the balloon sticks to the wall. What force might be responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall?
ans. Electrostatic force.
8.  Name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand. Discuss why the forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion.
ans. The forces that act on the bucket are as follows:-
(i) The pressure of water contained in it, exerted on its wall and on base of the bucket.
(ii) Force of gravity by earth.
(iii) The water is contained in a bucket and the pressure of force is exerted on the wall of the bucket, which is sufficient to take it as a force.
As the bucket is held in my hand, so I overcome the force of gravity of the earth. That is why these forces do not bring a change in the state of motion.
9.  A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbits. Name the two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad.
ans. i) Gravitational force
         ii) Force of friction
10.  When we press the bulb of a dropper with its nozzle kept in water, air in the dropper is seen to escape in the form of bubbles. Once we release the pressure on the bulb, water gets filled in the dropper. The rise of water in the dropper is due to
(a) Pressure of water.
(b) Gravity of the earth.
(c) Shape of rubber bulb.
(d) Atmospheric pressure.
ans. atmospheric pressure.