# CAT 2021 DILR - Slot 2

Get the complete CAT 2021 paper with answers and explanations

## CAT 2021 Question Paper With Answers & Explanation

### DILR

Comprehension:
Ten objects o1, o2, …, o10 were distributed among Amar, Barat, Charles, Disha, and Elise.Each item went to exactly one person. Each person got exactly two of the items, and this pairof objects is called her/his bundle.

The following table shows how each person values each object.

The value of any bundle by a person is the sum of that person’s values of the objects in thatbundle. A person X envies another person Y if X values Y’s bundle more than X’s ownbundle.
For example, hypothetically suppose Amar’s bundle consists of o1 and o2, and Barat’s bundleconsists of o3 and o4. Then Amar values his own bundle at 4 + 9 = 13 and Barat’s bundle at 9+ 3 = 12. Hence Amar does not envy Barat. On the other hand, Barat values his own bundleat 7 + 5 = 12 and Amar’s bundle at 5 + 9 = 14. Hence Barat envies Amar.

The following facts are known about the actual distribution of the objects among the five people.
1. If someone’s value for an object is 10, then she/he received that object.
2. Objects o1, o2, and o3 were given to three different people.
3. Objects o1 and o8 were given to different people.
4. Three people value their own bundles at 16. No one values her/his own bundle at a numberhigher than 16.
5. Disha values her own bundle at an odd number. All others value their own bundles at aneven number.
6. Some people who value their own bundles less than 16 envy some other people who valuetheir own bundle at 16. No one else envies others.

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#### Q. 4 Object o4 was given to

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###### Explanation

Comprehension:
Ten objects o1, o2, …, o10 were distributed among Amar, Barat, Charles, Disha, and Elise.Each item went to exactly one person. Each person got exactly two of the items, and this pairof objects is called her/his bundle.

The following table shows how each person values each object.

The value of any bundle by a person is the sum of that person’s values of the objects in thatbundle. A person X envies another person Y if X values Y’s bundle more than X’s ownbundle.
For example, hypothetically suppose Amar’s bundle consists of o1 and o2, and Barat’s bundleconsists of o3 and o4. Then Amar values his own bundle at 4 + 9 = 13 and Barat’s bundle at 9+ 3 = 12. Hence Amar does not envy Barat. On the other hand, Barat values his own bundleat 7 + 5 = 12 and Amar’s bundle at 5 + 9 = 14. Hence Barat envies Amar.

The following facts are known about the actual distribution of the objects among the five people.
1. If someone’s value for an object is 10, then she/he received that object.
2. Objects o1, o2, and o3 were given to three different people.
3. Objects o1 and o8 were given to different people.
4. Three people value their own bundles at 16. No one values her/his own bundle at a numberhigher than 16.
5. Disha values her own bundle at an odd number. All others value their own bundles at aneven number.
6. Some people who value their own bundles less than 16 envy some other people who value their own bundle at 16. No one else envies others.

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#### Q. 6 What BEST can be said about the distribution of object o1?

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###### Explanation

The different bars in the diagram above provide information about different orders invarious categories (Art, Binders, ….) that were booked in the first two weeks of Septemberof a store for one client. The colour and pattern of a bar denotes the ship mode (First Class/ Second Class / Standard Class). The left end point of a bar indicates the booking day ofthe order, while the right end point indicates the dispatch day of the order. The differencebetween the dispatch day and the booking day (measured in terms of the number of days)is called the processing time of the order. For the same category, an order is consideredfor booking only after the previous order of the same category is dispatched. No twoconsecutive orders of the same category had identical ship mode during this period.

For example, there were only two orders in the furnishing category during this period. Thefirst one was shipped in the Second Class. It was booked on Sep 1 and dispatched on Sep5. The second order was shipped in the Standard class. It was booked on Sep 5 (althoughthe order might have been placed before that) and dispatched on Sep 12. So theprocessing times were 4 and 7 days respectively for these orders.

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#### Q. 10 Approximately what percentage of orders had a processing time of one day during theperiod Sep 1 to Sep 22 (both dates inclusive)?

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###### Explanation

Comprehension:

Ravi works in an online food-delivery company. After each delivery, customers rate Ravi oneach of four parameters – Behaviour, Packaging, Hygiene, and Timeliness, on a scalefrom 1 to 9. If the total of the four rating points is 25 or more, then Ravi gets a bonus of ₹20for that delivery . Additionally, a customer may or may not give Ravi a tip. If the customergives a tip, it is either ₹30 or ₹50.

One day, Ravi made four deliveries - one to each of Atal, Bihari, Chirag and Deepak, andreceived a total of ₹120 in bonus and tips. He did not get both a bonus and a tip from thesame customer.

The following additional facts are also known.
1. In Timeliness, Ravi received a total of 21 points, and three of the customers gave himthe same rating points in this parameter. Atal gave higher rating points than Bihari andChirag in this parameter.
2. Ravi received distinct rating points in Packaging from the four customers adding up to29 points. Similarly, Ravi received distinct rating points in Hygiene from the four customersadding up to 26 points.
3. Chirag gave the same rating points for Packaging and Hygiene.
4. Among the four customers, Bihari gave the highest rating points in Packaging, andChirag gave the highest rating points in Hygiene.
5. Everyone rated Ravi between 5 and 7 in Behaviour. Unique maximum and minimumratings in this parameter were given by Atal and Deepak respectively.
6. If the customers are ranked based on ratings given by them in individual parameters,then Atal’s rank based on Packaging is the same as that based on Hygiene. This is alsotrue for Deepak.

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#### Q. 14 What BEST can be concluded about the tip amount given by Deepak?

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###### Explanation

Comprehension:

Ravi works in an online food-delivery company. After each delivery, customers rate Ravi oneach of four parameters – Behaviour, Packaging, Hygiene, and Timeliness, on a scalefrom 1 to 9. If the total of the four rating points is 25 or more, then Ravi gets a bonus of ₹20for that delivery . Additionally, a customer may or may not give Ravi a tip. If the customergives a tip, it is either ₹30 or ₹50.

One day, Ravi made four deliveries - one to each of Atal, Bihari, Chirag and Deepak, andreceived a total of ₹120 in bonus and tips. He did not get both a bonus and a tip from thesame customer.

The following additional facts are also known.
1. In Timeliness, Ravi received a total of 21 points, and three of the customers gave himthe same rating points in this parameter. Atal gave higher rating points than Bihari andChirag in this parameter.
2. Ravi received distinct rating points in Packaging from the four customers adding up to29 points. Similarly, Ravi received distinct rating points in Hygiene from the four customersadding up to 26 points.
3. Chirag gave the same rating points for Packaging and Hygiene.
4. Among the four customers, Bihari gave the highest rating points in Packaging, andChirag gave the highest rating points in Hygiene.
5. Everyone rated Ravi between 5 and 7 in Behaviour. Unique maximum and minimumratings in this parameter were given by Atal and Deepak respectively.
6. If the customers are ranked based on ratings given by them in individual parameters,then Atal’s rank based on Packaging is the same as that based on Hygiene. This is also true for Deepak.

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#### Q. 16 What rating did Deepak give on Packaging?

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###### Explanation

Comprehension:
The game of Chango is a game where two people play against each other; one of them winsand the other loses, i.e., there are no drawn Chango games. 12 players participated in aChango championship. They were divided into four groups: Group A consisted of Aruna, Azul,and Arif; Group B consisted of Brinda, Brij, and Biju; Group C consisted of Chitra, Chetan, andChhavi; and Group D consisted of Dipen, Donna, and Deb.

Players within each group had a distinct rank going into the championship. The players haveNOT been listed necessarily according to their ranks. In the group stage of the game, thesecond and third ranked players play against each other, and the winner of that game playsagainst the first ranked player of the group. The winner of this second game is considered asthe winner of the group and enters a semi-final.

The winners from Groups A and B play against each other in one semi-final, while the winnersfrom Groups C and D play against each other in the other semi-final. The winners of the twosemi-finals play against each other in the final to decide the winner of the championship.

It is known that:
1. Chitra did not win the championship.
2. Aruna did not play against Arif. Brij did not play against Brinda.
3. Aruna, Biju, Chitra, and Dipen played three games each, Azul and Chetan played twogames each, and the remaining players played one game each.

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